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Psychoanalyzing Holden Caulfield:


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Depression~Bipolar Disorder~Oedipal Complex~Panic Attacks~Thanatophilia~PTSD

Holden's Symptoms:
Depression: Holden's depression stems from his brother's death at a young age, his parents do not seem to care about how he feels about it. Everything seems to make Holden depressed

Bipolar Disorder:
Bipolar disorder involves periods of excitability (mania) alternating with periods of depression. The "mood swings" between mania and depression can be very abrupt.(https://health.google.com/health/ref/Bipolar+disorder) Holden's mood changes in a matter of seconds. He can be in a great mood one moment, and the next he could be feeling incredibly depressed. This is a classic sign of bipolar disorder.
Panic Attacks:
Panic disorder causes unexpected, and repeated acts of fear within a patient. There is no time limit to these attacks, they can last anywhere from a few minutes to many hours.
https://health.google.com/health/ref/Panic+disorder

PTSD:
Post Traumatic Stress Disorder can develop following a traumatic event that threatens your safety or makes you feel helpless. This disorder can effect those who experience or witness a catastrophe. This does not happen to everyone, it depends on how you cope with the trauma. If you can make sense of your emotions, you can come out of it. If you have PTSD, you remain in shock. (
http://www.helpguide.org/mental/post_traumatic_stress_disorder_symptoms_treatment.htm) Holden has this disorder because he experienced his brothers death and the death of a friend.

Thanatophilia:
Thanatophilia is the fear of death. Holden shows symptoms of this when he constantly relates back to Allie's death. Also, the death of James Castle had a big impact on Holden. After those events, Holden wishes a death wish upon himself after the inccident with Maurice and Sunny the prostitute. He prays to Allie when crossing the street and he sits in the freezing park thinking about how his family would feel and how his funeral would go if he died of pneumonia.